[PATCH] KVM: Add wrapper script around QEMU to test kernels

 
Post new topic   General Reply to Topic (not reply to a specific post)    Forums Home -> Kernel RSS
Next:  Accepted conky-all 1.9.0-2 (source amd64)  
Author Message
Alexander Graf
External


Since: Jun 29, 2007
Posts: 26



PostPosted: Fri May 11, 2012 5:10 pm    Post subject: [PATCH] KVM: Add wrapper script around QEMU to test kernels
Archived from groups: linux>kernel (more info?)

On LinuxCon I had a nice chat with Linus on what he thinks kvm-tool
would be doing and what he expects from it. Basically he wants a
small and simple tool he and other developers can run to try out and
see if the kernel they just built actually works.

Fortunately, QEMU can do that today already! The only piece that was
missing was the "simple" piece of the equation, so here is a script
that wraps around QEMU and executes a kernel you just built.

If you do have KVM around and are not cross-compiling, it will use
KVM. But if you don't, you can still fall back to emulation mode and
at least check if your kernel still does what you expect. I only
implemented support for s390x and ppc there, but it's easily extensible
to more platforms, as QEMU can emulate (and virtualize) pretty much
any platform out there.

If you don't have qemu installed, please do so before using this script. Your
distro should provide a package for it (might even call it "kvm"). If not,
just compile it from source - it's not hard!

To quickly get going, just execute the following as user:

$ ./tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh -r / -a init=/bin/bash

This will drop you into a shell on your rootfs.

Or you can also use a ready made image:

$ IMG=http://people.debian.org/~aurel32/qemu/amd64
$ IMG="$IMG/debian_squeeze_amd64_standard.qcow2"
$ ./tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh -d $IMG \
-a "root=/dev/vda1 init=/bin/bash"

Keep in mind that http is read-only, so no writing to the image Smile.

Either way, you provide the kernel. QEMU provides the test environment!
Easy, eh?

Happy hacking!

Signed-off-by: Alexander Graf

---

v1 -> v2:

- fix naming of QEMU
- use grep -q for has_config
- support multiple -a args
- spawn gdb on execution
- pass through qemu options
- dont use qemu-system-x86_64 on i386
- add funny sentence to startup text
- more helpful error messages

v2 -> v3:

- move to tools/testing
- fix running: message

v3 -> v4:

- update to new path everywhere
- check for sd module in ide case
- fix -a
- simplify KERNEL_BIN setting code
- check for qemu-system-i386
- require CONFIG_9P_FS in 9p case
- add QEMU version check
- check for success of drive_if
- mention QEMU_BIN environment variable in help
---
tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh | 361 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 files changed, 361 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100755 tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh

diff --git a/tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh b/tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh
new file mode 100755
index 0000000..f4fa6e7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,361 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+#
+# QEMU Launcher
+#
+# This script enables simple use of the KVM and QEMU tool stack for
+# easy kernel testing. It allows to pass either a host directory to
+# the guest or a disk image. Example usage:
+#
+# Run the host root fs inside a VM:
+#
+# $ ./tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh -r /
+#
+# Run the same with SDL:
+#
+# $ ./tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh -r / --sdl
+#
+# Or with a PPC build:
+#
+# $ ARCH=ppc ./tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh -r /
+#
+# PPC with a mac99 model by passing options to QEMU:
+#
+# $ ARCH=ppc ./tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh -r / -- -M mac99
+#
+
+USE_SDL=
+USE_VNC=
+USE_GDB=1
+KERNEL_BIN=arch/x86/boot/bzImage
+MON_STDIO=
+KERNEL_APPEND2=
+SERIAL=ttyS0
+SERIAL_KCONFIG=SERIAL_8250
+BASENAME=$(basename "$0")
+
+function usage() {
+ echo "
+$BASENAME allows you to execute a virtual machine with the Linux kernel
+that you just built. To only execute a simple VM, you can just run it
+on your root fs with "-r / -a init=/bin/bash"
+
+ -a, --append parameters
+ Append the given parameters to the kernel command line.
+
+ -d, --disk image
+ Add the image file as disk into the VM.
+
+ -D, --no-gdb
+ Don't run an xterm with gdb attached to the guest.
+
+ -r, --root directory
+ Use the specified directory as root directory inside the guest.
+
+ -s, --sdl
+ Enable SDL graphical output.
+
+ -S, --smp cpus
+ Set number of virtual CPUs.
+
+ -v, --vnc
+ Enable VNC graphical output.
+
+Examples:
+
+ Run the host root fs inside a VM:
+ $ ./tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh -r /
+
+ Run the same with SDL:
+ $ ./tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh -r / --sdl
+
+ Or with a PPC build:
+ $ ARCH=ppc ./tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh -r /
+
+ PPC with a mac99 model by passing options to QEMU:
+ $ ARCH=ppc ./tools/testing/run-qemu/run-qemu.sh -r / -- -M mac99
+"
+}
+
+function require_config() {
+ if [ "$(grep CONFIG_$1=y .config)" ]; then
+ return
+ fi
+
+ echo "You need to enable CONFIG_$1 for run-qemu to work properly"
+ exit 1
+}
+
+function has_config() {
+ grep -q "CONFIG_$1=y" .config
+}
+
+function drive_if() {
+ if has_config VIRTIO_BLK; then
+ echo virtio
+ elif has_config ATA_PIIX; then
+ require_config "BLK_DEV_SD"
+ echo ide
+ else
+ echo "\
+Your kernel must have either VIRTIO_BLK or ATA_PIIX
+enabled for block device assignment" >&2
+ exit 1
+ fi
+}
+
+function verify_qemu() {
+ QEMU="$(which $1 2>/dev/null)"
+
+ # binary exists?
+ [ -x "$QEMU" ] || exit 1
+
+ # we need a version that knows -machine
+ if ! "$QEMU" --help | grep -q -- '-machine'; then
+ exit 1
+ fi
+
+ echo "$QEMU"
+ exit 0
+}
+
+GETOPT=`getopt -o a:d:Dhr:sS:v --long append,disk:,no-gdb,help,root:,sdl,smp:,vnc \
+ -n "$(basename "$0")" -- "$@"`
+
+if [ $? != 0 ]; then
+ echo "Terminating..." >&2
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+eval set -- "$GETOPT"
+
+while true; do
+ case "$1" in
+ -a|--append)
+ KERNEL_APPEND2="$KERNEL_APPEND2 $2"
+ shift
+ ;;
+ -d|--disk)
+ set -e
+ QEMU_OPTIONS="$QEMU_OPTIONS -drive \
+ file=$2,if=$(drive_if),cache=unsafe"
+ set +e
+ USE_DISK=1
+ shift
+ ;;
+ -D|--no-gdb)
+ USE_GDB=
+ ;;
+ -h|--help)
+ usage
+ exit 0
+ ;;
+ -r|--root)
+ ROOTFS="$2"
+ shift
+ ;;
+ -s|--sdl)
+ USE_SDL=1
+ ;;
+ -S|--smp)
+ SMP="$2"
+ shift
+ ;;
+ -v|--vnc)
+ USE_VNC=1
+ ;;
+ --)
+ shift
+ break
+ ;;
+ *)
+ echo "Could not parse option: $1" >&2
+ exit 1
+ ;;
+ esac
+ shift
+done
+
+if [ ! "$ROOTFS" -a ! "$USE_DISK" ]; then
+ echo "\
+Error: Please specify at least -r or -d with a target \
+FS to run off of" >&2
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+# Try to find the KVM accelerated QEMU binary
+
+[ "$ARCH" ] || ARCH=$(uname -m)
+case $ARCH in
+x86_64)
+ # SUSE and Red Hat call the binary qemu-kvm
+ [ "$QEMU_BIN" ] || QEMU_BIN=$(verify_qemu qemu-kvm)
+
+ # Debian and Gentoo call it kvm
+ [ "$QEMU_BIN" ] || QEMU_BIN=$(verify_qemu kvm)
+
+ # QEMU's own build system calls it qemu-system-x86_64
+ [ "$QEMU_BIN" ] || QEMU_BIN=$(verify_qemu qemu-system-x86_64)
+ ;;
+i*86)
+ # SUSE and Red Hat call the binary qemu-kvm
+ [ "$QEMU_BIN" ] || QEMU_BIN=$(verify_qemu qemu-kvm)
+
+ # Debian and Gentoo call it kvm
+ [ "$QEMU_BIN" ] || QEMU_BIN=$(verify_qemu kvm)
+
+ # new i386 version of QEMU
+ [ "$QEMU_BIN" ] || QEMU_BIN=$(verify_qemu qemu-system-i386)
+
+ # i386 version of QEMU
+ [ "$QEMU_BIN" ] || QEMU_BIN=$(verify_qemu qemu)
+ ;;
+s390*)
+ KERNEL_BIN=arch/s390/boot/image
+ [ "$QEMU_BIN" ] || QEMU_BIN=$(verify_qemu qemu-system-s390x)
+ ;;
+ppc*)
+ KERNEL_BIN=vmlinux
+
+ IS_64BIT=
+ has_config PPC64 && IS_64BIT=64
+ if has_config PPC_85xx; then
+ QEMU_OPTIONS="$QEMU_OPTIONS -M mpc8544ds"
+ elif has_config PPC_PSERIES; then
+ QEMU_OPTIONS="$QEMU_OPTIONS -M pseries"
+ SERIAL=hvc0
+ SERIAL_KCONFIG=HVC_CONSOLE
+ elif has_config PPC_PMAC; then
+ has_config SERIAL_PMACZILOG_TTYS || SERIAL=ttyPZ0
+ SERIAL_KCONFIG=SERIAL_PMACZILOG
+ else
+ echo "Unknown PPC board" >&2
+ exit 1
+ fi
+
+ [ "$QEMU_BIN" ] || QEMU_BIN=$(which qemu-system-ppc${IS_64BIT} 2>/dev/null)
+ ;;
+esac
+
+if [ ! -e "$QEMU_BIN" ]; then
+ echo "\
+Could not find a usable QEMU binary. Please install one from \
+your distro or from source code using:
+
+ $ git clone git://git.qemu.org/qemu.git
+ $ cd qemu
+ $ ./configure
+ $ make -j
+ $ sudo make install
+
+or point this script to a working version of qemu using
+
+ $ export QEMU_BIN=/path/to/qemu-kvm
+" >&2
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+# The binaries without kvm in their name can be too old to support KVM, so
+# check for that before the user gets confused
+if [ ! "$(echo $QEMU_BIN | grep kvm)" -a \
+ ! "$($QEMU_BIN --help | egrep '^-machine')" ]; then
+ echo "Your QEMU binary is too old, please update to at least 0.15." >&2
+ exit 1
+fi
+QEMU_OPTIONS="$QEMU_OPTIONS -machine accel=kvm:tcg"
+
+# We need to check some .config variables to make sure we actually work
+# on the respective kernel.
+if [ ! -e .config ]; then
+ echo "\
+Please run this script on a fully compiled and configured
+Linux kernel build directory" >&2
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+if [ ! -e "$KERNEL_BIN" ]; then
+ echo "Could not find kernel binary: $KERNEL_BIN" >&2
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+QEMU_OPTIONS="$QEMU_OPTIONS -kernel $KERNEL_BIN"
+
+if [ "$USE_SDL" ]; then
+ # SDL is the default, so nothing to do
+ :
+elif [ "$USE_VNC" ]; then
+ QEMU_OPTIONS="$QEMU_OPTIONS -vnc :5"
+else
+ # When emulating a serial console, tell the kernel to use it as well
+ QEMU_OPTIONS="$QEMU_OPTIONS -nographic"
+ KERNEL_APPEND="$KERNEL_APPEND console=$SERIAL earlyprintk=serial"
+ MON_STDIO=1
+ require_config "$SERIAL_KCONFIG"
+fi
+
+if [ "$ROOTFS" ]; then
+ # Using rootfs with 9p
+ require_config "NET_9P_VIRTIO"
+ require_config "9P_FS"
+ KERNEL_APPEND="$KERNEL_APPEND \
+root=/dev/root rootflags=rw,trans=virtio,version=9p2000.L rootfstype=9p"
+
+#Usage: -virtfs fstype,path=/share_path/,security_model=[mapped|passthrough|none],mount_tag=tag.
+
+
+ QEMU_OPTIONS="$QEMU_OPTIONS \
+-virtfs local,id=root,path=$ROOTFS,mount_tag=root,security_model=passthrough \
+-device virtio-9p-pci,fsdev=root,mount_tag=/dev/root"
+fi
+
+[ "$SMP" ] || SMP=1
+
+# User append args come last
+KERNEL_APPEND="$KERNEL_APPEND $KERNEL_APPEND2"
+
+############### Execution #################
+
+QEMU_OPTIONS="$QEMU_OPTIONS -smp $SMP"
+
+echo "
+ ################# Linux QEMU launcher #################
+
+This script executes your currently built Linux kernel using QEMU. If KVM is
+available, it will also use KVM for fast virtualization of your guest.
+
+The intent is to make it very easy to run your kernel. If you need to do more
+advanced things, such as passing through real devices, please use QEMU command
+line options and add them to the $BASENAME command line using --.
+
+This tool is for simplicity, not world dominating functionality coverage.
+(just a hobby, won't be big and professional like libvirt)
+
+"
+
+if [ "$MON_STDIO" ]; then
+ echo "\
+### Your guest is bound to the current foreground shell. To quit the guest, ###
+### please use Ctrl-A x ###
+"
+fi
+
+echo -n " Executing: $QEMU_BIN $QEMU_OPTIONS -append "$KERNEL_APPEND" "
+for i in "$@"; do
+ echo -n ""$i" "
+done
+echo
+echo
+
+GDB_PID=
+if [ "$USE_GDB" -a "$DISPLAY" -a -x "$(which xterm)" -a -e "$(which gdb)" ]; then
+ # Run a gdb console in parallel to the kernel
+
+ # XXX find out if port is in use
+ PORT=$(( $$ + 1024 ))
+ xterm -T "$BASENAME" -e "sleep 2; gdb vmlinux -ex 'target remote localhost:$PORT' -ex c" &
+ GDB_PID=$!
+ QEMU_OPTIONS="$QEMU_OPTIONS -gdb tcp::$PORT"
+fi
+
+$QEMU_BIN $QEMU_OPTIONS -append "$KERNEL_APPEND" "$@"
+wait $GDB_PID &>/dev/null
+
--
1.6.0.2

--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
Back to top
Display posts from previous:   
Post new topic   General Reply to Topic (not reply to a specific post)    Forums Home -> Kernel All times are: Eastern Time (US & Canada)
Page 1 of 1

 
You can post new topics in this forum
You can reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot vote in polls in this forum

Warning: fopen(): open_basedir restriction in effect. File(/home/adsense_reject.txt) is not within the allowed path(s): (/home/helploc:/usr/lib/php:/usr/local/lib/php:/tmp) in /home/helploc/public_html/Giga/GigaFunctions.php on line 1144

Warning: fopen(/home/adsense_reject.txt): failed to open stream: Operation not permitted in /home/helploc/public_html/Giga/GigaFunctions.php on line 1144

Warning: fwrite() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /home/helploc/public_html/Giga/GigaFunctions.php on line 1145

Warning: fclose() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in /home/helploc/public_html/Giga/GigaFunctions.php on line 1146